Residents can use IAT© data to make informed decisions about their life choices. For example, information about the air quality and accessibility of different types of infrastructure and services in different areas could inform a house move to a new neighbourhood.
IAT© helps to unveil areas with insufficient provision of services or poor connectivity thus helping city officials to move towards optimal urban policy utilising minimal resources, and to propose strategic solutions for specific areas with unique challenges.
For developers, IAT© offers an opportunity to assess brownfield sites and select suitable areas for future development with the best infrastructure provision level. Because IAT© identifies the specific infrastructure that is needed at any site, developers can avoid unnecessary and wasteful excess construction.
Based on our method for Izhevsk IAT©
, the Infrastructure Accessibility Tool© for London is developing the approach further by categorising the infrastructure into three types (necessary, social and optional) and adding public transport infrastructure evaluation and ecological monitoring. The concept of three types of infrastructure is inspired by the work of Jan Gehl (see Turku Urban Research Programme's Research Report "A Sense of Place"
). Necessary infrastructure hosts routine activities (schools, shops, grocery stores, etc.), social infrastructure hosts interpersonal activities (e.g. bars, cafés, clubs, culture, leisure, etc.) and optional infrastructure generally hosts leisure activities (gyms, spas, hairdressers, business services, etc.).
Air pollution was assessed for three components: NO2, Pm 10, PM 2.5, NO. We chose these indicators due to the availability of official modelling data, their strong health effects and limits on the volume of pollution permitted in the UK. The chosen pollutants are ones which are known to affect health within London specifically, and can be predicted with this model. We have identified areas of the city where the average air pollution exceeds the permissible concentration.